Republic of Armenia
OFFICIALLY THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA
- CAPITAL - YEREVAN
- OFFICIAL LANGUAGES - ARMENIA
- AREA - 29.743 KM2
- POPULATION - 2.986.100
- CURRENCY - DRAM (AMD)
- CALLING - CODE +374
- RELIGION - ARMENIAN APOSTOLIC CHURCH
- PRESIDENT - SERZH SARGSYAN
- IN THE NORTH - GEORGIA
- IN THE NORTH-EAST - AZERBAIJAN
- IN THE SOUTH - IRAN
- IN THE SOUTH-WEST - AZERBAIJAN
- IN THE WEST - TURKEY
THE OFFICIAL DATE OF STATE ADOPTION OF CHRISTIANITY IS 301 AD
THE COAT OF ARMS
The coat of arms of Armenia was adopted on April 19, 1992 and updated by the law of June 15, 2006
The arms make up the following elements: shield - in the center - Mount Ararat, which is the symbol of the Armenian nation, on its summit Noah's Ark, because according to the Bible, the ark after the flood stopped on Mount Ararat. The shield is divided into 4 parts, which symbolize four independent Armenian kingdoms of different times (clockwise): Arshakids, Rubenides, Artashesides and Bagratids.
The Lion and the Eagle that support the shield symbolize wisdom, pride, patience and generosity. The main color of the coat of arms of Armenia is golden, the kingdoms of historical Armenia are red and blue, Mount Ararat in the center of the coat of arms is depicted on an orange shield. These colors were traditionally used in the emblems and banners of the royal dynasties of Armenia and are similar to the colors of the flag of the Republic of Armenia.
At the bottom of the shield there are five more elements: a torn chain, a sword, wheat ears, a branch and a ribbon.
The flag of Armenia is a rectangular panel of three equal horizontal bands: the top one is red, the middle one is blue and the bottom is orange.
The red color symbolizes the Armenian Highlands, the constant struggle of the Armenian people for existence, the Christian faith, freedom and independence of Armenia. The blue color symbolizes the desire of the Armenian people to live under the peaceful sky. Orange color symbolizes the creative talent and hard work of the Armenian people.
- 1-2 January- New Year Day
- 6 January- Christmas Day
- 28 January- Army Day
- 7 April- Motherhood and Beauty Day
- 24 April- Armenian Genocide Remembrance Day
- 28 May – Republic Day
- 5 July – Constitution Day
- 21 September- Independence Day
Armenian cuisine includes the foods and cooking techniques of the Armenian people and traditional Armenian foods and dishes. The cuisine reflects the history and geography where Armenians have lived as well as sharing outside influences from European and Levantine cuisines. The cuisine also reflects the traditional crops and animals grown and raised in Armenian populated areas.
Armenian cuisine is a huge amount of greenery and vegetables. Locals know about 300 kinds of seasonings, which sometimes serve as the main ingredient. Each dish is served with pita bread, white or black, or matnakash - round or oval bread.
The most popular dish in Armenia is shish kebab. How many of its species, it is difficult to calculate. In general, Armenians like meat dishes: dolma, arganak, kokolik, aris, bozbash, borani. Delicious treats are obtained from Ishkhan - Sevan trout. One of the most popular dishes - kutap stuffed with rice, ginger and raisins, trout, while baked in the oven.
Of alcoholic beverages, first of all, Armenian cognac is known. In addition, it is not out of place to try mulberry vodka and natural wines.
SIGHTS OF ARMENIA
1. Monastery of Gegardavank
The monastery complex Geghard (Geghard) has the old name Ayrivank - "cave monastery". The first buildings of this monastery were built in the 4th century BC. The name Gegardavank translates as "The Monastery of the Spear": according to legend, there was stored a spear, which was pierced by Christ, when he was crucified on the cross.
2. Temple of Zvartnots
At the beginning of the 20th century, at 10 km from Yerevan, a group of researchers discovered the ruins of an ancient temple buried under the roof itself under a layer of earth and sand. Having dug up the structure and reconstructed its original appearance, the scientists came to the conclusion that earlier on the site of the hill there was a religious structure.
3. Etchmiadzin cathedral
The Etchmiadzin Cathedral (the "Descent of the Only Begotten") is the main temple of the Armenian Apostolic Church. Its architectural complex occupies 80 thousand square meters. Here are the Cathedral, the residence of the Catholicos of All Armenians, the Theological Seminary and other sights. The cathedral was built in the 4th century and is the oldest temple in the country.
4. Pagan temple in Garni
The pagan temple in Garni is the most famous monument of the era of paganism and Hellenism. It was built in Hellenic style in the 1st century by the Armenian Tsar Trdat I and is dedicated to the Sun god Mithra. In the ornaments of decoration introduced local motifs: grapes, pomegranate, hazel leaves, flowers. The temple remained intact even in spite of Armenia's acceptance of Christianity in 301.